Born in 1921 in Boulogne-sur-Mer, France

Died in 2012 in Boulogne-Billancourt, France

Georges MATHIEU

Across Europe and the United States, Mathieu (1921-2012) played a decisive role within abstraction in the late 1940s and early 1950s, during the movement’s burgeoning. He diverted from the geometrical abstractions that dominated the previous era with a visual language that favored form over content and gesture over intent, and aimed for uninhibited creative expression. He termed this newfound aesthetic “Lyrical Abstraction”, after a description of his work by French critic Jean José Marchand (1947). His works are characterized by a calligraphic quality of line that he created using long brushes and by applying paint directly from tubes onto thecanvas. The immediacy and rapid execution of these distinct methods guaranteed the freedom with which he defined his work. According to Clement Greenberg, Mathieu was the most powerful amongst European painters. Mathieu’s work has been the subject of numerous retrospectives, and is included in more than 80 museums and public permanent collections, including the Art Institute of Chicago; the Georges Pompidou Centre, Paris; the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC; the Kunstmuseum Basel; the Kunsthaus Zurich; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; and the Tate, London.

solo shows

2019
- Monumental Paintings, Nahmad Contemporary, New York, USA

2018
- Les années 1960-1970, Templon Gallery, Paris, France

2014
- Vers l’abstraction lyrique, Castle-Museum of Boulogne-sur-Mer, France

2006
- Little stable of the Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
- Contemporary Art Space Fernet Branca, Saint-Louis, France

2003
- Retrospective, Galleria Credito Valtellinese, Milan, Italy
- Bénédictine Palace, Fécamp, France
- Saint-Georges and Saint-Paul Cathedrale, Liège, Belgium

2002
-  Retrospective, Jeu de Paume Museum, Paris, France

1991
- Galleria arte 92, Milan, Italy

1990
- Galleria d'arte Elleni, Bergamo, Italy
- Stockholm Art Fair, Stockholm, Sweden

1989
- Galleria dello scudo, Verona, Italy
- Ermitage Museum, Saint-Petersbourg, Russia
- Centro Culturale Sant'Andrea, Savona, Italy
- Galleria Art Valley, Forte dei Marmi, Italy
- Grand Palais, Paris, France

1988
- Galleria Narciso, Turin, Italy
- Galleria De Crescenzo, Rome, Italy
- Huber Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland

1987
- Findlay Gallery, New York, USA
- Galleria La Loggia, Bologna, Italy
- Galleria De Crescenzo, Rome, Italy

1984
- Meridien Hotel, Singapore, Singapore

1980
- Art Basel, Basel, Switzerland
- Poste Museum, Paris, France

1979
- Dominion Gallery, Montreal, Canada
- Wildestein, New York, USA

1978
- Grand Palais, Paris, France
- Lyrical Art Festival, Aix-en-Provence, France

1977
- Galeria Punto, Valencia, Spain
- Galeria Valera, Bilbao, Spain
- Kursaal, Ostenda, Belgium
- International Festival, Istanbul, Turkey

1976
- Picasso Museum, Antibes, France
- Galeria Beaubourg, Barcelona, Spain

1974
- Beaubourg Gallery, Paris, France

1973
- Opera, Berlin, Germany

1972
- Art Center, Beirut, Lebanon

1971
- Stadler Gallery, Paris, France
- Lalikata Academy, New Dehli, India

1967
- Argos Gallery, Nantes, France
- Kunstverein, Köln, Germany
- National Museum of Modern Art, Paris, France

1966
- Fine Arts Museum, Nantes, France

1965
- Gimpel & Hanover, Zurich, Switzerland
- Court Gallery, Copenhagen, Denmark
- K. B. Gallery, Oslo, Norway
- Galleria il Milione, Milan, Italy

1963
- Museum of Modern Art of Paris, France
- Art and Culture, Geneva, Belgium

1962
- Bezalel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
- Neue Galerie in Künstlerhaus, München, Germany
- Galleria La Bussola, Turin, Italy
- Galleria l'Ariete, Milan, Italy
- Galleria La Loggia, Bologna, Italy
- Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel

1961
- Presidential Palace, Beirut, Lebanon

1960
- Museu de Arte, São Paolo, Brazil
- Ateneo, Madrid, Spain
- New London Gallery, London, United Kingdom
- Galleria del Cavallino, Venice, Italy

1959
- Kunstverein, Köln, Germany
- Galleria San Babila, Milan, Italy
- Haus Lange Museum, Krefeld, Germany
- Museum of Fine Arts, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
- Athénee Museum, Geneva, Switzerland
- Museum of Modern Art, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Bonino Gallery, Buenos Aires, Argentina

1958
- Schmela Gallery, Düsseldorf, Germany
- Art Latin Gallery, Stockholm, Switzerland
- Grange Gallery, Lyon, France
- Chichio Haller Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland
- Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland
- Galleria Castelnuovo, Ascona, Italy
- Museum of Fine Arts, Lièges, Belgium

1957
- Fine Art Palace, Brussels, Belgium
- Shirokiya Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
- Daimaru Gallery, Osaka, Japan
- Galleria del Naviglio, Milan, Italy
- Helios Art Gallery, Bruxelles, Belgium
- Galleria Selecta, Rome, Italy

1956
- Pierre Gallery, Paris, France
- Institute of Contemporary Art, London, United Kingdom

1955
- Alexander Iolas Gallery, New York, USA

1954
- Kootz Gallery, New York, USA
- Rive Droite Gallery, Paris, France
- Art Club, Chicago, USA

1953
- Marcel Evrard Gallery, Lille, France

1952
- Studio Paul Facchetti, Paris, France
- Stable Gallery, New York, USA

1951
- Véhémences Confrontées, Galerie Dausset, Paris, France

1950
- René Drouin Gallery, Paris, France

group shows

2019
- Artistic Licence (curated by Richard Prince), Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA

2017
- Le geste et la matière, une abstraction “autre”, Paris, 1945-1965, Pompidou Centre / Clément Foundation, Martinique

2008
- Pensieri Ordinati, Bonioni Arte, Reggio Emilia, Italy
- Estetika. Forma & segno. Da Renoir a De Chirico, Villa Ponti, Fondazione Art Museo, Arona, Italy

2007
- Nel segno della materia, Palazzo De Sanctis, Castellalto, Italy
- Sei mostre in contemporanea, Satura, Palazzo Stella, Genoa “Liberi Segni”, Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti, Turin, Italy

1999
- Posizioni. Museiondocumenta 1999: opera dalla collezione, Bolzen, Italy

1959
- Karel Appel, Georges Mathieu, Mattia Moreni, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland

1948
- H.W.P.S.M.T.B, Colette Allendy Gallery, Paris, France

1947
- Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris, France
- L'imaginaire, Gallery of Luxembourg, Paris, France

1946
- VI Salon de moins de 30 ans, Galleria of Fine Arts, Paris, France

public collections

- Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
- The Art Institute, Chicago, USA
- Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
- Los Angeles Country Museum, USA
- Chase Manhattan Plaza, New York, USA
- The Salomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
- Art Museum, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, USA
- Art Museum of Seattle, USA
- Philips Collections, Washington D.C, USA
- La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, California, USA
- Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden (Smithsonian Institution), Washington, D.C, USA
- Tate Gallery, London, UK
- National Museum of Modern Art – Pompidou Centre, Paris, France
- Museum of Modern Art of Paris, France
- Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Strasbourg, France
- The Abattoirs, Toulouse, France
- Museum of art of Nantes, France
- Picasso Museum, Antibes, France
- Museum of Grenoble, France
- National Fund of Contemporary Art, Paris, France
- Museum of Fine Arts, Orleans, France
- Palace of Fine Arts, Lille, France
- LaM, Villeneuve-d’Ascq, France
- Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany
- Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
- Kunsthalle Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
- Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany
- Städtische Kunstsammlungen und Wilhelm Hack Stiftung, Ludvigshafen, Germany
- Modern Galerie, Saarbrucken, Germany
- Städtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany
- Museum of Fine Arts, Luik, Belgium
- Kunsthaus, Basel, Switzerland
- Museum of Fine Arts, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
- Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland
- Museum of Modern Art, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Museum of Modern Art, São Paulo, Brazil
- Museum of Contemporary Arts, Montreal, Canada
- Art Gallery, Ontario, Canada
- National Museum Bezalel, Jerusalem, Israel
- Museum of Arts, Tel Aviv, Israel
- Art Museum of Ohara, Kurashiki, Japan
- Gutaï Pinacotheca, Osaka, Japan
- Museum of Modern Arts, Tokyo, Japan