Born in 1919 in Rodez, France
Lives and works between Sète and Paris, France

Pierre SOULAGES

Pierre Soulages has gained international recognition as a prominent figure of both art informel, which arose in France during World War II, and abstract expressionism, its American counterpart. From the 1940s to the 1970s, black progressively conquered the surface of Soulages’s calligraphic abstract paintings, which also incorporated subtle hints of color (mainly ocher and blue). His aesthetics radically shifted toward monochrome in 1979, when he initiated his lifelong series Outrenoir. He has been known as “the painter of black and light” ever since. Literally translating as “beyond black,” Outrenoir opens onto a new realm that transcends purely gestural and monochromatic abstraction. Systematically applied in thick layers on canvas, black paint is meticulously scraped, striated, and overall sculpted to create smooth or rough areas that reflect light in various ways. By masterfully turning black into a luminous color, Soulages powerfully evokes the genesis of the world, which came out of darkness.

solo shows

2019
- Pierre Soulages, Musée du Louvre, Paris
- Pierre Soulages, Perrotin, Shanghai
- Pierre Soulages: A Century, Lévy Gorvy, New York
- Pierre Soulages, un musée imaginaire, Musée Fenaille, Rodez, France
- Pierre Soulages: Beyond Black, Alisan Fine Arts Central, Central, Hong Kong

2018
- Pierre Soulages, œuvres sur papier. Une présentation, Musée Soulages, Rodez, France
- Pierre Soulages, ARC et Pavillon de l'Industrie, Le Creusot, France
- Soulages: A Retrospective, Fondation Pierre Gianadda (in collaboration with le Centre Pompidou Paris), Martigny
- Pierre Soulages - Noir / Lumière, Ludwig Museum, Koblenz, Germany
- Peinture, Karsten Greve, Cologne

2017
- Soulages in Japan, Perrotin, Tokyo
- Les Soulages du Centre Pompidou, Musée Soulages, Rodez, France
- Leidenschaft. Passion. Im Fokus : Pierre Soulages, Museum Art.Plus, Donaueschingen, Germany

2016
- Soulages. Papiers – Soulages. Works on Paper, Musée Picasso, Antibes, France
- Pierre Soulages: Le noir, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany
- Noir, c’est noir ? Les Outrenoirs de Pierre Soulages, Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne EPFL, Switzerland

2014
Inauguration of Musée Soulages, Rodez, France
- Pierre Soulages: Les Outrenoir(s), Musée Soulages, Rodez
- Pierre Soulages, Galerie Perrotin with Dominique Lévy Gallery, New York

2013
- Soulages XXIe siècle, Villa Médicis, Rome, Italy

2012
- Soulages XXIe siècle, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, France

2011 - 2010
- Pierre Soulages, Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany
- Pierre Soulages. New paintings, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, UK
- Pierre Soulages, Museo de la Ciudad de México, Mexico
- Soulages, verre, cartons des vitraux de Conques, Musée Fabre de Montpellier, France

2010 - 2009
- Pierre Soulages en son musée. L'expérience RCR arquitectes, Cité de l'architecture et du patrimoine, Paris, France
- Pierre Soulages. Einzelausstellung zum 90. Geburtstag, Galerie Boisserée, Köln, Germany
- Soulages. Le temps du papier, Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain de la Ville de Strasbourg, France
- Soulages, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

2009
- Rétrospective Pierre Soulages, Galerie Pascal Lansberg, Paris, France
- Pierre Soulages. Hommage Zum 90. Gerburstag, Galerie Rieder, Munich, Germany

2007
- Pierre Soulages, Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno, Valencia, Spain

2006
- Pierre Soulages, Painting the Light, Sammlung Essl, Vienna, Austria
- Estampes de Pierre Soulages, Le Carmel, Tarbes, France

2005
- Outrenoir, recent paintings, Robert Miller Gallery, New York, USA
- Works on paper, Haim Chanin Fine Arts, New York, USA
- Pierre Soulages, American Selections, Trumbull Museum, Howland, Ohio, USA
- Pierre Soulages, Musée Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen, Danemark

2003
- Pierre Soulages, peintures 1999-2002, Galerie Karsten Greve, Paris, France
- Soulages. L'oeuvre imprimé, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France

2002
- Eaux-fortes et bronzes Musée Rignault, Saint-Cirq-Lapopie, France

2001
- Lumière du noir, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
- Lumière du noir, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

2000
- Peintures 1999-2000, Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne, Switzerland
- Soulages : 82 peintures, Les Abattoirs, Toulouse, France

1999
- Pierre Soulages, Kunstmuseum, Berne, Switzerland
- Galerie Rieder, Munich, Germany
- Soulages, œuvres récentes, 1994-99, Musée Fabre, Montpellier, France

1998
- Pierre Soulages, Centro Cultural, Logrono, Spain
- Galerie Frahm, Copenhagen, Denmark

1997
- Pierre Soulages, Malerei als Farbe und Licht, Retrospective 1946- 1997, Deichtorhallen, Hambourg, Germany
- Galerie Hans Strelow, Düsseldorf, Germany
- Centro de Exposiciones y Congresos, Saragossa, Spain
- Pierre Soulages, l'œuvre gravé, Galerie d'Art, Espace 13, Aix-en-Provence, France

1996
- Soulages - Noir-lumière, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
- Soulages - Noir-lumière, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, Canada
- Soulages - Noir-lumière, Museu de Arte, Sao-Paulo, Brazil
- Soulages - 8 oeuvres majeures, Galerie Applicat, Paris, France
- Matière lumière - Pierre Soulages, Centre d'Art Contemporain, Embrun, France

1995
- Soulages, Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium

1994
- Pierre Soulages, une rétrospective, Fine Arts Museum, Beijng, China
- Pierre Soulages, une rétrospective, Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taïwan
- Pierre Soulages : Lebendiges Licht, Malerei und die Fenster von Conques, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Münster, Germany

1993
- Pierre Soulages, une rétrospective, National Contemporary Art Museum, Seoul, Korea

1992
- Polyptyques 1979-1991, Maison des Arts Georges Pompidou, Cajarc, France
- Peintures et cartons des vitraux de Conques, Galerie de France, Paris, France

1991
- Galerie Jade, International Art Exhibition, Chicago, USA
- Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria

1990
- Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne, Switzerland

1989
- Soulages, 40 Jahre Malerei, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany
- Soulages, 40 anos de Pintura, IVAM-Centro Julio Gonzalez, Valencia, Spain
- Soulages, 40 ans de peinture, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes, France
- Tolarno Galleries, Melbourne, Australia
- Galerie Fandos, Valencia, Spain

1988
- Galerie Jade, Colmar

1987
- Musée Saint Pierre Art Contemporain, Lyon, France
- Hans-Thoma Gesellschaft, Reutlingen, Germany
- Galerie Rieder, Munich, Germany

1986
- Pierre Soulages, peintreet graveur, Galerie Art & Essai, Université de Rennes 2, Rennes, France
- Peintures 1984-1986 Galerie de France, Paris, France

1985
- Pierre Soulages,Pulchri Studio, The Hague, Netherlands

1984
- Soulages, Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan

1983
- Soulages, peintures, Musée d'Unterlinden, Colmar, France

1982
- Galerie Ostertag, Francfort, Germany
- Oberhessisches Museum, Glessen, Germany
- Galerie Ponce, Mexico
- Soulages, Kunstbygning, Aarhus, Denmark
- Soulages, Kunstpavillon, Esbjerg, Denmark
- Soulages, Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, Denmark

1980
- Peintures récentes, Musée du Parc de la Boverie, Liège, France
- Soulages, Kunstlerhaus, Salzburg, Austria
Gimpel Gallery, New York, USA

1979
- Galerie Birch, Copenhagen, Denmark
- Soulages, Fondation Veranneman, Kruishoutem, Belgium
- Soulages, Peintures récentes, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

1978
- Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria

1977
- Maison de la Culture, Mulhouse, France
- Pierre Soulages,Gimpel and Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, USA
- Bronzes et peintures sur papier, Galerie de France, Paris, France

1976
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Museo, Maracaïbo, Venezuela
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Fundaçao Cultural, Brasilia, Brazil
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Museu da Universidad, Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Pierre Soulages, Musée d'Art et d'Industrie, Saint-Etienne, France

1975
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Fundaçao Calouste Gulbenkian , Lisboa, Portugal
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Salas del Patrimonio Artistico y Cultural, Madrid, Spain
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Musée Fabre, Montpellier, France
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Museu de Arte Moderno, Mexico

1974
- Atelier des Halles, Paris, France
- Maison des Arts, Montbéliard, France
- Soulages, peinture et gravures, Musée dynamique, Dakar, Senegal

1973
- Peintures 1964-1972, S.Henie-N.Onstad Artsenter, Hovikodden, Norway
- Peintures 1964-1972, Nordjyllands Kunstmuseum, Aalborg, Denmark
- Peintures 1964-1972, Rädhus Gentofte-Copenhagen, Denmark
- Peintures 1964-1972, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, France
- Pierre Soulages, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Neuchâtel, France
- Gimpel und Hanover Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland

1972
- Pierre Soulages, College Park Gallery, University of Maryland, USA
- Galerie Protée, Toulouse, France
- Galerie de France, Paris, France
- Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, UK

1968
- Soulages, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Montréal, Canada
- Soulages, Musée du Québec, Québec, Canada
- Comité d'établissement du Crédit Lyonnais, Paris, France
- Paintings since 1963, Knoedler Gallery, New York, USA
- Paintings since 1963, Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (paintings since 1963)
- Paintings since 1963, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (paintings since 1963)

1967
- Gimpel und Hanover Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland
- Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, UK
- Soulages, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
- Galerie de France, Paris, France

1966
- Pierre Soulages, Retrospective Exhibition, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA

1965
- Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1964
- Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1963
- Soulages, peintures sur papier 1946-1963, Galerie de France, Paris, France
- Soulages malerier og raderinger, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark

1962
- Soulages, Massachussets Institute of Technology, Boston, USA

1961
- Pierre Soulages, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany
- Pierre Soulages, Gemeente Museum, The Hague, Netherlands
- Pierre Soulages, Kunsthaus, Zürich, Switzerland
- Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1960
- Soulages, Galerie de France, Paris, France
- Pierre Soulages, Kestner Gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany

1959
- Soulages, Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1957
- Pierre Soulages, Galerie Berggruen, Paris, France
- Soulages, Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1956
- Soulages, Galerie de France, Paris, France
- Pierre Soulages, Kootz Gallery, New York, USA

1955
- Pierre Soulages Paintings,Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, UK
- Soulages, Kootz Gallery, New York, USA
- Rodgers University, New Brunswick, Canada

1954
- Soulages, Kootz Gallery, New York, USA
- Mathieu - Soulages, Arts Club, Chicago, USA

1952
- Soulages, Galerie Stangl, Munich, Germany

1951
- Soulages, Galerie Birch, Copenhagen, Denmark

1949
- Soulages, Galerie Lydia Conti, Paris, France

group shows

Selected group exhibitions:
2019 - The New World of Charlotte Perriand, Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris
1988 - Rendezvous: Masterpieces from the Centre Georges Pompidou and the Guggenheim Museums, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1977 - Paris-New York, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1953 - Younger European Painters, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1948 - Französische abstrakte Malerei, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
1947 - Salon des Surindépendants, Paris

public collections

- Australian National Gallery, Canberra, Australia
- National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
- Sammlung Essl, Klosterneuburg, Austria
- Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria
- Museu de Arte Contemporanea da Universidad, Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Musée d'Art Contemporain, Montréal, Canada
- Museum of Fine Arts, Montréal, Canada
- Museum Salvador Allende, Santiago, Chile
- Musikhus, Arhus, Denmark
- Nordjyllands, Kunstmuseum, Aalborg, Denmark
- Statens Museum fort Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark
- Sara Hildén Art Museum, Tampere, Finland
- Centre régional des Télécomunications, Dijon, France
- FDAC du Val de Marne, Créteil, France
- Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France
- FRAC Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France
- FRAC Bretagne, Rennes, France
- FRAC Languedoc-Roussillon, Montpellier, France
- Les Abattoirs, Toulouse, France
- Ministère de l'Economie et des Finances, Paris, France
- Musée Cantini, Marseille, France
- Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France
- Musée d'Art Moderne, Saint-Etienne, France
- Musée d'Art Moderne, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
- Musée d'Evreux, Evreux, France
- Musée d'Unterlinden, Colmar, France
- Musée de Brou, Bourg en Bresse, France
- Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
- Musée de la Ville de Rouen, Rouen, France
- Musée des Beaux-Arts, Caen, France
- Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dunkerque, France
- Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes, France
- Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia
- Musée Fabre, Montpellier, France
- Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
- Musée Picasso, Antibes, France
- Musées de la Cour d'Or, Metz, France
- Palais de l'Elysée, Paris, France
- Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hambourg, Germany
- Kunsthalle, Bielefeld, Germany
- Kunstmuseum, Stuttgart, Germany
- Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf, Germany
- Ludwig Museum im Deutschherrenhaus, Coblence, Germany
- MAC-VAL, Vitry sur Seine, FranceNationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
- Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany
- Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
- Sprengel Museum, Hanovre, Germany
- Staatliche Museen, Kassel, Germany
- Staatsgalerie (Sammlung Domnick), Stuttgart, Germany
- Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, Munich, Germany
- Stadtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany
- Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Münster, Germany
- Israël Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
- Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turino, Italy
- Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
- Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan
- Ohara Museum of Art, Kurashiki, Japan
- Open-air Museum, Hakone, Japan
- Sezon Museum of Modern Art, Karuizawa, Japan
- National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
- Musée National d'Art, Luxembourg
- Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland
- Tate Gallery, London, UK
- Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA
- Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, USA
- Art Institute, Chicago, USA
- Arts Club, Chicago, USA
- Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, USA
- Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, USA
- Cornell University, Museum of Art, New York, USA
- County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA
- Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, USA
- Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
- Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
- Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, USA
- Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, USA
- Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, USA
- Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, USA
- Museum of Art, Cleveland, USA
- Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
- National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA
- National Trust for Historic Preservation, Tarrytown, USA
- Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
- Princeton Art Museum, Princeton, USA
- Principia College, Elsah (Illinois), USA
- Rhode Island School of Design, Rhode Island, USA
- Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
- The Aldrich Museum, Ridgefield, Connecticut, USA
- The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, USA
- The Phillips Collection, Washington, USA
- University Art Museum, Berkeley, USA
- University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
- Vassar College, New York, USA
- Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
- Washington University Museum, Saint-Louis, USA
- Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, USA
- Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, USA
- Museum of Contemporary Art of Macedonia, Skopje
- Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City
- Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands
- Sonja Henie - Niels Onstad Kunstsenter, Hovikodden, Norway
- Centro de Arte Moderna, Fundaçao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisboa, Portugal
- Musée de l'Ermitage, Saint-Petersbourg, Russia
- Johannesburg Art Gallery, Johannesburg, South Africa
- Fondation Gandur pour l'Art, Geneva, Switzerland
- Kunsthaus, Zürich, Switzerland
- Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne, Switzerland

awards

2015
- La Légion d’honneur (the Grand Cross decoration), Paris

2006
- Austrian Decoration for Science and Art, Vienna
- Prix Julio González, Valencia

1992
- Praemium Imperiale Prize  for Painting, Japan Art Association, Tokyo

1986
- Grand Prix National for Painting, Paris

1979
- Foreign Honorary Member for Art, American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York

1976
- Rembrandt Award, Amsterdam

1975
- Grand Prix for Painting, Paris

Pierre Soulages - Les vitraux de Soulages

Pierre Soulages - Les vitraux de Soulages

Monographies et livres d'artiste

31,18 €

Robert Fleck & Hans Ulrich Obrist - Pierre Soulages

Robert Fleck & Hans Ulrich Obrist - Pierre Soulages

Textes et thorie

18,96 €

Pierre Soulages - L'oeuvre imprim

Catalogues d'exposition

37,91 €

Pierre SOULAGES - Soulages XXIe Sicle

Monographies et livres d'artiste

33,18 €

Pierre SOULAGES - New Paintings

Pierre SOULAGES - New Paintings

ditions Perrotin

56,87 €